Changes in Oil Production Technology
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. Traditionally, people in Mesopotamia used bitumen to make boats and hold earrings, necklaces, and bangles together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. Bitumen, asphalt and motor led to increased curiosity about oil among people.
The technique used to obtain oil on its discovery was by simply digging. At the time, oil was used as medicine and the Chinese also lit their lamps as well as warm their houses using this product. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. Despite a hint of the possible things oil could be used for at this time, oil was still not a necessity. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. Following the demand; there was an increase in the number of oil fields that were discovered. While drilling using the spring pole, the machine encountered a challenge going past the hardened sediments. Thus the rotary whose drill head went deeper past the sediment without the need to clear the debris constantly was developed. The success of the rig was witnessed in Beaumont Texas where the drill hit a field and a lot of oil started flowing towards the surface. With the world war 1 coming around, the demand for oil rose, leading to increased competition which resulted in greater development of oil tools. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
Today, the most common method of extracting oil is the rotary rig. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. As you will see here, the rigs are enhanced compared to the past. An instance, is the ability of a rig to move on its own as well to extract oil from a number of fields.